Snowflakes at infinity

The countless shapes of snowflakes have long raised the curiosity of many scientists, among others the famous Kepler. They have by now been classified by empirical observation into 80 different shapes, but a mathematical explanation for this classification seems to be missing. A striking point about them is that, even though two snowflakes are almost … Continue reading "Snowflakes at infinity"

What’s new on the ArXiv: Ricci flow and diffeomorphism groups of 3-manifolds

A new paper proves the contractibility of the space of constant curvature metrics on all 3-manifolds except possibly real projective space. Bamler, Kleiner: Ricci flow and diffeomorphism groups of 3-manifolds, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1712.06197.pdf The Smale conjecture in its original form asserted that the diffeomorphism group of the 3-sphere deformation retracts onto O(3), the isometry group of its … Continue reading "What’s new on the ArXiv: Ricci flow and diffeomorphism groups of 3-manifolds"

What’s new on the ArXiv: A locally hyperbolic 3-manifold that is not hyperbolic

A preprint with a new example shows that the understanding of infinitely generated Kleinian groups will be more complicated than for the finitely generated ones. Cremaschi: A locally hyperbolic 3-manifold that is not hyperbolic, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1711.11568 By the proofs of hyperbolization and tameness, one knows precisely which irreducible 3-manifolds with finitely generated fundamental groups admit hyperbolic … Continue reading "What’s new on the ArXiv: A locally hyperbolic 3-manifold that is not hyperbolic"

What’s new on the ArXiv: Quasi-isometric groups with no common model geometry

Do quasi-isometries between groups always arise from actions on a common model space? Previous counterexamples invoked central extensions of lattices, e.g., of surface groups. A new construction of infinitely many classes is now using amalgams of surface groups. Stark, Woodhouse: Quasi-isometric groups with no common model geometry, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1711.05026.pdf If a group \(\Gamma\) acts geometrically (i.e., … Continue reading "What’s new on the ArXiv: Quasi-isometric groups with no common model geometry"

What‘s new on the ArXiv: A deformation of instanton homology for webs

The four color theorem from graph theory is certainly the most famous problem for which so far only a brute force computational proof exists. A new preprint of Kronheimer-Mrowka supports an approach towards this theorem via homology theories. Kronheimer. Mrowka: A deformation of instanton homology for webs, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1710.05002.pdf The four color theorem says that every … Continue reading "What‘s new on the ArXiv: A deformation of instanton homology for webs"